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Friday, 21 February 2014

New Orleans, the French Quarter

So, off we went down into the area known as the French Quarter. It's hard to accurately describe the Quarter, if you have never been. Narrow, dirty streets. Streets filled with a certain old world attraction. Streets that seem to have an over abundance of bars and restaurants. Some of the streets..like Bourbon Street, fairly teem with drunks and noise..and that's a noon on a Sunday. At night..after dark...outside of Mardi Gras time, when there is a huge police presence, you would not want to be down there without a group of friends. Having said that...being down there during the day is pretty neat. Music, food and drink. Lots of shops to stroll in and out of..many offering the schlock that one expects. The T shirts, the cutesy saying  on everything.


Life is hard in the Quarter and it attracts a certain element. Drugs and booze...you can see it everywhere.



I shot this, yes.

























What's to be said...the girl loves to shop



























But..if you check things out..you can find some world class dining, just in the bars, not to mention some very very nice restaurants. We stumbled into one joint, stayed for lunch. I had never had an ettoufe..one of my fave singers Diana Krall, speaks of one...so I had a shrimp ettoufe'.  And I liked that, a lot. 

Ate here....outside seating










Étouffée

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Étouffée
Main
Mmm... crawfish etouffee (8027860063).jpg
Crawfish étouffée, served at a restaurant in New Orleans
Place of origin:
United States
Main ingredient(s):
Shellfish, rice
Recipes at Wikibooks:
Cookbook Étouffée
Media at Wikimedia Commons:
Wikimedia Commons  Étouffée
Étouffée or etouffee (pronounced: [e.tu.fe] ay-TOO-fay) is a dish found in both Cajun and Creole cuisine typically served with shellfish over rice. The dish employs a technique known as smothering, a popular method of cooking in the Cajun areas of southwest Louisiana. Étouffée is most popular in New Orleans and in the Acadiana area of the southernmost half of Louisiana as well as a popular dish in the coastal counties of Mississippi.

Etymology

In French, the word "étouffée" (borrowed into English as "stuffed" or "stifled") means, literally, "smothered" or "suffocated", from the verb "étouffer".[1]

Description

Étouffée can be made using different shellfish such as crab, shrimp or the most popular version of the dish being Crawfish Étouffée. Étouffée is seasoned and slightly thicker than a typical stew. Depending on who is making it and where it is being made it is flavored with either Creole or Cajun seasonings. It is important to note that although Creole and Cajun cuisines are distinct, there are many similarities.[2] Étouffée is typically served over rice and is typically made with a light or blond roux. In the case of the Creole version of Crawfish Étouffée, it is made with a blonde or brown roux and sometime tomatoes are added.[3][4] A blond roux is one that is cooked, stirring constantly, for approximately 20 minutes to remove the "raw" flavor of the flour and to add a slightly "nutty" flavor, while a brown roux is cooked longer (30 to 35 minutes) in order to deepen the color and flavor.[5]

History

Approximately in the 1950s Crawfish Étouffée was introduced to restaurant goers in Breaux Bridge, Louisiana, however the date of invention of this dish has been shown as early as the late 1920 by some sources.[6][7] Originally Crawfish Étouffée was a popular dish in the bayous and backwaters of Louisiana amongst Cajuns in the area. Around 1983 a waiter at a popular Bourbon Street restaurant Galatoire's brought the crawfish étouffée dish in to his boss to try, at the time most of the food in New Orleans was French Creole but this Cajun dish was a hit.[8]





And Sharon has a jambalaya.



Jambalaya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jambalaya
Stew
Homemade Jambalaya.JPG
Jambalaya with chicken, Andouille sausage, rice, shrimp, celery, and spices.
Main ingredient(s):
Meats, vegetables, stock, rice
Recipes at Wikibooks:
Cookbook Jambalaya
Media at Wikimedia Commons:
Wikimedia Commons  Jambalaya
Jambalaya (/ˌʌmbəˈl.ə/ JUM-bə-LY) is a Louisiana Creole dish of Spanish and French influence.
Jambalaya originated in the Caribbean Islands. The Spanish culture mixed with the native foods created what is known as Jambalaya. Jambalaya is traditionally made in three parts, with meat and vegetables, and is completed by adding stock and rice. It is also a close cousin to the saffron colored paella found in Spanish cuisine.
This video shows the difference between Creole and Cajun jambalaya. Jambalaya is made differently depending on the region and is inspired by the French and Spanish culture.

Varieties

There are two primary methods of making jambalaya.
The first and most common is Creole jambalaya (also called "red jambalaya"). First, meat is added to the trinity of celery, peppers, and onions; the meat is usually chicken and sausage such as andouille or smoked sausage. Next vegetables and tomatoes are added to cook, followed by seafood. Rice and stock are added in equal proportions at the very end. The mixture is brought to a boil and left to simmer for 20 to 60 minutes, depending on the recipe, with infrequent stirring. Towards the end of the cooking process, stirring usually ceases. Some versions call for the jambalaya to be baked after the cooking of all the ingredients.
The second style, more characteristic of southwestern and south-central Louisiana, is Cajun jambalaya, which contains no tomatoes (the idea being the farther away from New Orleans one gets, the less common tomatoes are in dishes). The meat is browned in a cast-iron pot. The bits of meat that stick to the bottom of the pot (sucs) are what give a Cajun jambalaya its brown color. A little vegetable oil is added if there is not enough fat in the pot. The trinity (of 50% onions, 25% celery, and 25% green or red bell pepper, although proportions can be altered to suit one's taste) is added and sautéed until soft. Stock and seasonings are added in the next step, and then the meats are returned to the pot. This mixture is then simmered, covered, for at least one hour. Lastly, the mixture is brought to a boil and rice is added to the pot. It is then covered and left to simmer over very low heat for at least 1/2 hour without stirring. The dish is finished when the rice has cooked.
A third method is less common. In this version, meat and vegetables are cooked separately from the rice. At the same time, rice is cooked in a savory stock. It is added to the meat and vegetables before serving. This is called "white jambalaya." This dish is rare in Louisiana as it is seen as a "quick" attempt to make jambalaya, popularized outside the state to shorten cooking time.
Many people in the south, and typically in Louisiana, enjoy a simpler Jambalaya style. This style is cooked the same as the cajun style, but there are no vegetables. Many restaurants serve this style as opposed to the others, because it is more child-friendly, has a more consistent texture, and is easier to make. The famous Jambalaya Shoppe serves this simpler style, which is a local favorite.
Jambalaya is considered by most Louisianans to be a filling but simple-to-prepare rice dish; gumbos, étouffées, and creoles are considered more difficult to perfect. Most often a long grain white rice is used in making jambalaya.
Jambalaya is differentiated from gumbo and étouffée by the way in which the rice is included. In these dishes, the rice is cooked separately and is served as a bed on which the main dish is served. In the usual method of preparing jambalaya, a rich stock is created from vegetables, meat, and seafood; raw rice is then added to the broth and the flavor is absorbed by the grains as the rice cooks.

History


Ingredients for Jambalaya in a pot beginning to cook.
Creole jambalaya originates from the French Quarter of New Orleans, in the original European sector. It was an attempt by the Spanish to make paella in the New World, where saffron was not readily available due to import costs. Tomatoes became the substitute for saffron. As time went on, French influence became strong in New Orleans, and spices from the Caribbean changed this New World paella into a unique dish. In modern Louisiana, the dish has evolved along a variety of different lines. Creole jambalaya, or red jambalaya as it is called by Cajuns, is found primarily in and around New Orleans, where it is simply known as 'jambalaya'. Creole jambalaya includes tomatoes, whereas Cajun jambalaya does not.
Cajun Jambalaya originates from Louisiana's rural, low-lying swamp country where crawfish, shrimp, oysters, alligator, duck, turtle, boar, venison, nutria[1] and other game were readily available. Any variety or combination of meats, including chicken or turkey may be used to make jambalaya. Cajun jambalaya is known as 'Brown jambalaya' in the New Orleans area; to Cajuns it is simply known as 'jambalaya.' Cajun jambalaya has more of a smoky and spicy flavor than its cousin Creole jambalaya.[citation needed] The white French Creoles introduced jambalaya to the Cajuns, but since tomatoes were rarely used in Cajun cooking, they omitted them, browning the meat for color instead.

Ingredients for Jambalaya in a pot after cooking.
The first appearance in print of any variant of the word 'jambalaya' in any language occurred in Leis amours de Vanus; vo, Lou paysan oou théâtré, by Fortuné (Fortunat) Chailan, first published in Provençal in 1837. The earliest appearance of the word in print in English occurs in the May 1849 issue of the American Agriculturalist, page 161, where Solon Robinson refers to a recipe for 'Hopping Johnny (jambalaya)'. Jambalaya did not appear in a cookbook until 1878,[citation needed] when The Gulf City Cook Book, by the ladies of the St. Francis Street Methodist Church, was printed in South Mobile, Alabama. It contains a recipe for "JAM BOLAYA".
Jambalaya experienced a brief jump in popularity during the 1920s and 1930s because of its flexible recipe. The dish was little more than the rice and vegetables the populace could afford, but the recipe grew from humble roots.
In 1968, Louisiana Governor John J. McKeithen proclaimed Gonzales, Louisiana, the Jambalaya Capital of the World. Every Spring, the annual Jambalaya Festival is held in Gonzales.[2]

Etymology

The Oxford English Dictionary indicates that 'jambalaya' comes from the Provençal word 'jambalaia', meaning a mish mash, or mixup, and also meaning a pilau (pilaf) of rice. This is supported by the fact that the first printed appearance of the word is in a Provençal poem published in 1837.

Creole Jambalaya with shrimp, ham, tomato, and Andouille sausage.
There are many myths about the origin of the name 'jambalaya.' One commonly repeated folklore is that the word derives from the combination of the French 'jambon' meaning ham, the French article 'à la', a contraction of 'à la manière de' meaning "in the style of", and 'ya', thought to be of West African origin meaning rice.[citation needed] Hence, the dish was named jamb à la ya. European explorers had imported rice from Asia and Africa. Enslaved Africans already had a native name for this crop; they called it 'ya'. As Europeans learned the term 'ya' for rice, it became included in the name of the dish. However, this theory is largely discredited. Ham is not the signature element of the dish, so there is no reason why it would be featured in the name. Furthermore, there is no known African language in which 'ya' means "rice."[citation needed]
Another popular source suggests that the word comes from the Spanish 'jamón' ("ham") + 'paella', a noted Spanish rice dish. However, the evidence for this idea is also thin. Again, ham is not a featured element of the dish, and Spanish speakers would call a ham paella 'paella con jamón', not 'jamón paella.'
The Dictionary of American Food and Drink offers this creative old wives' tale about the origin of the word:
Late one evening a traveling gentleman stopped by a New Orleans inn which had little food remaining from the evening meal. The traveler instructed the cook, "Jean, balayez!" or "Jean, sweep something together!" in the local dialect. The guest pronounced the resulting hodge-podge dish as "Jean balayez."














The Beignets..(benyays)....fuck yes.


cafe beignet @ 334 Royal St, New Orleans 




























Beignet crumb grabbers






This place sells gas lighting for the exterior of homes. Something very common in New Orleans.












look...cat in window...






















And look who we saw....